A todos os que se interessam...

...puxem de uma cadeira, acomodem-se e disfrutem a viagem pois "as tarefas quotidianas jamais impediram alguém de seguir os seus sonhos" (in As Valquirias, Paulo Coelho)!!!

quinta-feira, 24 de junho de 2010

PPEL - Unit 4: Final Report on Task 2

Unit 4 - Final Report...

Review of my three LO's...

Bering in mind this task, I was asked to create a Learning Module where I would publish and present the revision's of my three LO's.

So here is my Learning Module...

For the first unit, I prepared a Learning Object in Toonlet and I published it on my blog on The Theory of Cooperative Freedom, its advantages and the most relevant characteristics. It was the first time that I worked with Toonlet and it fascinated me… for improvement, a colleague suggested putting it smaller, but due to the blog’s format it was not possible, another suggestion, this time by Professor Paulsen, was to write as shorter introduction to it at my blog which I hope to have completed successfully.

Here is my introduction to it:

Regarding the first LO I decided to do it using Toonlet because I saw professor Paulsen’s work and I found it an interesting, appealing and – at first sight – a light and concentrated reading of the Theory Cooperative Freedom, its ideas and implications. I enjoyed working with Toonlet and I found it an excellent and challenging tool. Regarding the final work, I may say that in overall it fulfilled my expectations and I hope that in the future it may become a good resource for further students and researchers that wish to know more on the Theory of Cooperative Freedom.

For the second task of unit 2, I decided to present and LO regarding Online Teaching Techniques and Web 2.0. The original LO that I presented was elaborated using several tools, namely Powerpoint, Toonlet, Video Converter and finally Youtube to publish it.

The making of this LO was challenging and it took a lot of time to prepare it, for I had some difficulties in converting the Powerpoint presentation to video. Nevertheless, once the final product was achieved, the result did not satisfy me completely for, as Professor Paulsen well pointed out, in some situations the text was hard to read and in some cases it was hard to digest all the information, but no matter how hard I tried it was very difficult for me to improve it. So, I after the its presentation and once I got the feedback on it, I started to think on ways to improve it…I exchanged ideas with some colleagues – and I thank them for their input because it was decisive – and the final version of the LO finally arise. This last version was done using all the tool previously mentioned, but instead of the Video converter I used Windows Movie Maker, as it was well suggested by a colleague, and once the video was done I used again the Youtube to publish it.

I hope you find this version better because in fact the images are clearer, the text is easier to read and to understand and in overall it satisfies me a lot. My thanks to my colleague (!) and here is the updated version…

For the LO of the third unit, Professor Paulsen made some suggestions, namely writing the storyboard of the LO and also changing the background music for another one more calm. I found these suggestions very pertinent, because they indeed improve and contribute to the understanding of the presentation. In the end, I also did another change…I expanded the time of some slides so that the reading becomes more comprehensive and as the colleague, that reviewed it well pointed out, I also put the letters bigger. I hope you will find these changes as worthy as I did and thank you all for you feedback!

GoAnimate.com: Transparency and cooperative learning by marinampel04

Like it? Create your own at GoAnimate.com. It's free and fun!

Here is the storyboard of my LO…


This is Gerson Branco. He is a Brazilian journalist aged 32. Gerson wants to take a MA but he doesn’t know where.

It has to be a distance learning course because he is always travelling and he doesn’t have a lot of time.

This is Vera Silva. She is a Portuguese primary teacher aged 30. She met Gerson 10 years ago and they keep in touch thanks to Skype.

Vera – I’m taking an online MA at Universidade Aberta – a well known Portuguese University. It’s great! It promotes transparency and cooperative learning between students.

Gerson – Transparency? Cooperative learning? What do you mean?

Vera – Transparency means that you are able to see and follow your colleague’s work and they can also see and follow yours within a learning environment. In short, you can see others and others see you, clear?

Gerson – I understand what you mean. That’s very interesting.

Vera – Yes, it is. Transparency gives insight into each other actions and it is a unique characteristic of social networking services.

Gerson – Ok. That is also clear to me. What about cooperative learning?

Vera – Cooperative learning also takes place in networks. It encourages both individual flexibility and the affinity to a learning community.

It has an important objective within a learning community because it supports consciousness and awareness of the activities of others. It is very important to online education.

Gerson – I see what you mean. That is also very useful. But about transparency…How far does it go?!

Vera – Are you referring to the limits of transparency?!

Gerson – Of course!

Vera – Transparency must be handled carefully bearing in mind privacy issues.

Gerson – That is right! So, how far does transparency go?

Vera – You create your presentation with the necessary basic information about yourself to initiate and maintain communication online.

Gerson – What do you mean by “necessary basic information”?

Vera – Your name, a photo, e-mail address, telephone number, chatting identities, some geographical information (zip codes for example) in case of an eventual face-to-face meeting…

Gerson – Oh…ok! That’s what you mean!...

Vera – Good! Now is everything clear?

Gerson – Clear as water!!! Thank you very much Vera!!!

Vera – Glad to help you Gerson my friend and new colleague! It’s good to have you on the winning team!!! See you online!

Gerson – I will go to their homepage and get information right now! I’m so happy!!!


In conclusion...

The making of these LO’s was very significant to me, because I was able to get in touch with new realities and I enjoyed a lot in doing these activities.

At first, I may say that it was a little complicated, but as I am a persistent person, I kept trying and felt happy with the final products and their revisions.

This activity was extremely enlightening and challenging…it had an important impact in my experience as an e-learner and it helped me in systematizing the contents learnt and also in interiorizing them.

Thank you all for making it possible! @@@

PPEL - Unit 4: Final Report on Task 1

Unit 4 - Final Report...

Review of my three Annotated Bibliographies and presenting a Comprehensive Bibliography on the readings developed in this course.

Before I start to share my final work I would like to add some comments on the method I decided to use to present it.

To begin with, , the recent changes were written with the color brown, so the difference between what is now done and what was already done is more perceptible and I also chose to use the green and italics in the transcriptions, so that they may become more noticeable… the rest of the work remains unchanged. Further, I also found pertinent to place the number of pages of each reading in the case of the Annotated Bibliographies and the date in which the documents were consulted, so that this also becomes clearer. These considerations were taken in regard when reviewing all three units and the method was also re-used in all of them.

Regarding the feedback on Unit 3…it was suggested by both Professor Paulsen and by the colleague that reviewed it… that it would be good “to write a short introduction or conclusion that brings it all together” - I decide to write a conclusion. In addition, I also decided to make some changes namely regarding the illustration…I decided to replace it with the course of a small stream to establish a comparison between transparency and the transparency of the water, the borders of the stream and the limits that each one of us has to establish regarding the level of transparency and, finally, the interaction that transparency allows in online education and course of the water, which is shown with movement and dynamism.

I hope you will find my readings as valuable and as pertinent as I did… I wish you all a safe and good reading!!!


In this last unit we are asked to improve and finalize all our annotated bibliographies and learning objects. Bearing in mind this request I will now start working on unit 1 and compile it, refine it and as it was also asked to expand it.

So, bearing in mind unit 4 - Task 1 here is my final work…


Unit 1 – Task 1: Cooperative Freedom

Therefore, for the first task of this unit an Annotated Bibliography was prepared and presented on my blog where all the readings were shown as well as the most important aspects of them.
Regarding the improvement I decided to do a revision on the presentation of my work, namely in distinguishing my personal reflections as well and the transcriptions of the authors of my readings. I also decided to add the number of pages that each referenced work has in order so that what it is required in our learning contract on “ find and read 100-200 pages of articles, blog entries etc, related to the topics discussed in this course” becomes more understandable.

Paulsen, M. F., 2008, Cooperative Online Education. Seminar.net, Vol. 4, No. 2. (20 pages)

(Research done on the 10th of March , taken from: http://seminar.net/index.php/volume-4-issue-2-2008-previousissuesmeny-124/100-cooperative-online-education )

A very “real” and up-to-date article, for it shows graphics regarding the popularity of cooperative online education among students as well as other resourceful illustrations on individual, cooperative and collaborative environments, namely regarding the question of flexibility and others. It starts by saying:

Cooperative learning seeks to develop virtual learning environments that allow students to have optimal individual freedom within online learning communities”.

To introduce the topic it starts by doing a brief background information on cooperative online education and it refers to have been built under the scope of The Theory of Cooperative Freedom, by prof. Morten Flate Paulsen, who is also the author of the article in question. Bearing this in mind, Prof. Morten Flate Paulsen makes reference to NKI – as well as its graphics to corroborate his version -, one of his creations, that was:

“(...)developed to support cooperative freedom and transparency in a large-scale online education environment”

and that:

“(...) it facilitates individual freedom within a learning community in which online students serve as mutual resources without being depend on each other.”

According to the article thanks to NKI, in cooperative learning, individual flexibility and freedom is center of the question and in his theory the claims that there important flexibility facets to consider, such as time, space, pace, medium, access and content and students whether they decide to work alone or with “(online)learning partners” their success is granted.

Theory of Cooperative Freedom, MortenFP . toonlet.com (1 page)

(Research done on the 9th of March , taken from:http://toonlet.com/archive?m=s&i=10870)

Theory of Cooperative Freedom
by MortenFP related [www.ednews.org]

A straightforward and “amusing” way of giving highlights – sort of a BD - on online education and the Theory of Cooperative Freedom. Its author Prof. Morten Flate Paulsen presents “a concentrated recipe” about this theory in a very concise and a joyful manner by offering the reader some of the main ideas described in the thinking of Cooperative Freedom. Through the existence of individual learning, collaborative learning and cooperative learning in online environments, students, either those who search an individual way of study or a collaborative one, or a cooperative way to achieve their aims and goals within their pace, time, content, space access and medium reach their academic success.

Paulsen, M.F. 2003, Part One: Online Education, Teaching and Learning, Cooperative Freedom: An Online Education Theory, Education Online. (12 pages)

(Research done on the 9th of March, taken from: http://www.studymentor.com/cooperative_freedom.pdf )

A very interesting, concise and challenging article that gives us insights on The Theory Cooperative Freedom, by exposing right at the top that:

“ (...) the theory of cooperative freedom argues that online education can foster both freedom for the individual and group cooperation”.

At first, the article provides a sort of chronological information on Distance Education Theories, explores their content and shows some of the most preeminent writers for each theory, namely The Theories of autonomy and independence, by Moore, 1983; the Theories of Industrialization, by Peters, 1988; the Theories of Interaction and Communication, by Holmberg, 1988, and others up until nowadays with The Theory of Cooperative Freedom, by Prof. Morten Flate Paulsen.

According to this more recent perspective this theory presents a solution for the tension existing between the notion of individual independence and collective cooperation that in most cases stresses students as well as their academic work. The theory depicts a scenario in which online education can give the individual freedom and the group cooperation needed, by offering the right dimension of space, pace, medium, access and content within its contexts for student to achieve individually, or in a collaborative and in a cooperative way his achievement academically.
Although at first sight finding the right way to study may seem difficult to conceive and achieve for we know that while some students seek individual flexibility and freedom, others the group collaboration and social unity, this study concludes that with online education we can have the both options working side-by-side in a cooperative and flexible environment.

Paulsen, Morten Flate et Slaatto, Torhild, 2006, NKI in Learning Partner - Opportunities for Cooperation in Distance Learning, elearningeuropa.info. (4 pages)

(Reseach done on the 10th of March, taken from http://www.elearningeuropa.info/directory/index.php?page=doc&doc_id=8294&doclng=6)

“NKI Distance Education facilitates individual freedom within a learning community in which online students serve as mutual resources without being dependent on each other."

A brief article on what is NKI’s premise and on what it has to offer to online learning communities. NKI’s philosophy is based on the Theory of Cooperative Freedom by Prof. Morten Flate Paulsen.

NKI is innovative and through it individual freedom within the learning community is facilitated for with it online students voluntary may study wherever they are, they can also become mutual resources without being dependent on each other and it also offers them the possibility to start a course at any time of the year and always be able to follow their study progression.
According to the theory, there are six facets of flexibility of high importance – time, space, medium, access and content. In order to have a worldwide cooperative learning environment online, NKI invites all students to enter a personal presentation and in the future they may become “learning partners” and help those who are feeling unmotivated and unsatisfied with the progress of their studies by working in a cooperative (online) perspective, for there are others that prefer to continue their work individually. NKI’s main goal is students’ satisfaction on online education environments.

Millis, Barbara J.,2oo2, Enhancing Learning - and More! - Through Cooperative Learning, theideacenter.org., IDEA PAPER #38 (10 pages)

(Research done on the 10th of March, taken from http://www.theideacenter.org/sites/default/files/IDEA_Paper_38.pdf )

An overview of cooperative learning divided in subtitles. It gives brief explanations on several pertinent issues regarding cooperative learning, namely the premises underlying it, which are three; the first one deals with the respect for students:

“(...)regardless of their ethnic, intellectual, educational, or social background”

and it has a strong belief in students potential and academic success; the second one illustrates the strong sense of community:

“(...) for learning, like living, is inherently social”

and it helps students to enlarge and improve their relationships; the third one is based on the notion that:

“ (...) learning is an active, constructive progress”.

The article delves into several interesting subtitles for it explains what is cooperative learning, its effectiveness, the motivation implicit on it and so on. In conclusion, cooperative learning is seen as an essential part of online education because it satisfies, for students, a human desire for connection and cooperation. Besides that it gives the opportunity to deal and to handle complex tasks very difficult to solve alone. Remember we are social human beings and therefore the sense of a learning community helps us/students to enhance the social and communication capacity needed to succeed in a (future) career.

Tips on Cooperative Leaning

(Research done on the 10th of March, taken from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5LWE2HF1v1Y )

A sort of casual encounter between colleagues gives room for a talk on tips for cooperative learning for it suggests good strategies for teachers to work with students. There are several suggestions very easy to put into practise, bearing always in mind, students interest, motivation and cooperative group work input. The presentation starts from scratch, that is, it explains how to start cooperative group - pair work - and goes to bigger groups. It is a very concise way of highlighting this tipe of learning in "presential" classes.

Unit 2 - Task 1: Online Teaching Techniques

Paulsen, M. F., The Online Report on Pedagogical Techniques for Computer-Mediated Communication. (76 Pages)

(An updated version of the report is available in: Paulsen, M.F., Online Education and Learning Management Systems: Global E-learning in a Scandinavian Perspective [www.studymentor.com])

(Research done on the 4th of April, taken from: http://www.nettskolen.com/forskning/19/cmcped.html)

A very challenging and interesting report that puts in evidence pedagogical techniques on computer-mediated communication and it also presents an overview about them. This report, according to the author, Prof. Morten Flate Paulsen, was presented in Birmingham, England in June 26-30, 1995 at a conference conducted by the International Council for Distance Education. Bearing in mind the author’s work, the report starts by making reference to one of my favorite techniques – brainstorming. By brainstorming we understand “creation of a pool of ideas” on a specific topic and this approach helps the “class” to “break the ice” by introducing a topic which will make the group think in a creative way and expand their thoughts upon the ideas of the elements of the “class”. In this case specifically, Prof. Paulsen used this technique to lead the participants to share experiences in pedagogical techniques that have been applied in CMC.

According to Prof. Paulsen a pedagogical technique is a way of achieving teaching objectives. Throughout the report, he author also points out in a very clear and objective way that there are four pedagogical techniques: one-alone techniques, one-to-one techniques, one-to-many techniques and many-to-many techniques. Once he states them, he describes them and specifies each one bearing in mind the approaches to be used.

In this online report, Prof. Paulsen also makes reference to other books and their authors as well as their contributions for the topic in question.

To sum up, balancing to the embracement of online education by some institutions – which I am sure to increase significantly in the future - , I feel this report is very enlightening and it can also be a good resource for further researches.

Kim, Kyong-Jee and Bonk, Curtis J., 2006, The Future of Online Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: The Survey Says… - A survey substantiates some ideas about online learning and refutes others, Vol. 29, Number 4, Educause Quarterly. (16 pages)

(Research done on the 5th of April, taken from: http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Quarterly/EDUCAUSEQuarterlyMagazineVolum/TheFutureofOnlineTeachingandLe/157426)

An interesting and well illustrated survey based on a study conducted by a group of individuals that believed to have relevant experience and insights regarding the present and future conditions of online education. This survey was also built as a way to understand and to bring insights to the use of technology in teaching, within both higher education and corporate training settings. This survey takes place from late November 2003 to early January 2004 and it shows several demographics of online instructors to portray a significant perspective of online teaching, its growth, its expected quality, its pedagogical techniques and it also presents predictions on to measure the quality of online teaching in the future. A good overview of the future of teaching in online environments.

Salter, G. and Hansen, S., Modelling New Skills For Online Teaching, Department of Computing and Information Systems, University of Western Sydney. (16 Pages)

(Reseach done on the 5th of April, taken from: http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/brisbane99/papers/salterhansen.pdf )

The content of this article is easy to grasp and it draws our attention to the need and (continuous) search for modeling new skills for online teaching. The authors make reference to the advantages of online material and describe the included methods for teaching online: asynchronous computer mediated communication, synchronous computer mediated communication, online assessment, learning resources, documents, multimedia, links to external resources and student prepared material.

The article also puts into evidence the new role of the teacher, which is now a facilitator instead of an expert authority (old perspective).

Another aspect that is also highlighted is the importance of the real and constant need to evolve because “as technology is evolving so rapidly (…) new teaching possibilities arise regularly” and we must be prepared for that.

I found this article very lighthearted and interesting for it deals with the urgency to monitor and update teaching strategies in order to teach successfully in an online environment.

Bawden, David. Robynson, Lyn et al., 2007, Curriculum 2.0? Changes In Information Science Education for a Web 2.0 World in Digital Information and Heritage, INFuture 2007. (13 Pages)

(Research done on the 6th of April, taken from: http://infoz.ffzg.hr/INFuture/2007/pdf/1-03%20Bawden%20et%20al,%20Curriculum%202.0.pdf)

Web 2.0 is depicted as an essential facilitator of online teaching for it:

“provides both the content of learning, and the tools to promote learning itself.” (p. 39)

In my opinion this study provides a significant glimpse of how Web 2.0 can be used and its implications in five countries, for they are the countries of origin of its authors – England, Australia, Ireland, Lithuania and Slovenija. A very interesting work!

“…the use of Web 2.0 facilities by academic staff themselves, for their own purposes, will enhance their understanding, and hence promote more credible teaching.” (p.40)

Shihab, Mahmud, 2008, Web 2.0 Tools Improve Teaching and Collaboration in English Language Classes, Presented at the National Educational Computing Conference 2008, San Antonio, TX. (21 Pages)

(Research done on the 5th April, taken from: http://staging.iste.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Research/NECC_Research_Paper_Archives/NECC2008/Shihab.pdf)

A very challenging and stick to the point approach on Web 2.0 taking into account its huge role in online teaching and more precisely in English Language Classes.

“Web 2.0 tools, namely blogs, wikis, podcasts, and RSS were introduced to change teaching practices of in-service high school teachers to improve the collaboration of today’s students in the English language classroom.” (p.1)

This text deals with an experience in which changes in teaching practices, interviews, and other resourceful strategies were put into practice to study the best method in order to put into evidence the effectiveness of the learning process. In my opinion, this article depicts an idea of the impact and potential that Web 2.0 has and will have in online teaching and I found its reading very representative and enlightening.

Unit 3 - Task 1: Transparency in Online Education

“What we REALLY need is the pertinent information to the situation AND to get to know each other."

in Missing the Point: Transparency without Authenticity. (http://allenjfuller.com/2010/02/missing-the-point-transparency-without-authenticity/

Paulsen, Morten Flate et Dalsgaard, Christian. Transparency in Cooperative Online Education. June 2009. (12 Pages)

(Research done on the 3rd of May, taken from: http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/rt/printerFriendly/671/1267)

This is a very interesting and pertinent article when dealing with transparency in online teaching education for it is about the impact and the pedagogical potential that social networking has as a facilitator of transparency and awareness among students. Bearing in mind that the aim of transparency is:

“to enable students and teachers to see and follow the work of fellow students and teachers within a learning environment and in that sense to make participants available to each other as resources for their learning activities”

it is quite understandable why, according to its authors, it has such a vital role in social networking. The authors throughout the article point out the importance of “being able to see and to be seen” because it is very significant that in an online teaching environment where cooperation is the basis of it that the information that students give about themselves and their work is as transparent as possible for eventual future sharing situations. Bearing in mind the term cooperative, the authors distinguish the existence of three types of learning, being the last one their choice of election:

- Individual learning, which as the name indicates is conducted alone with no interaction of a learning community;

- Collaborative learning, which happens in face-to-face meetings and online education and that requires the input of a group and consequently limits the individual;

- Cooperative learning, which seeks to foster some of the benefits of individual freedom and the benefits of cooperation in online learning communities and that takes place in networks.

Nevertheless being as authentic as possible also raises other controversial questions which are also dealt the level of authenticity and of privacy. Regarding these two questions the authors create a “Transparency Barometer” to analyze them and later in the part dedicated to Cooperative Student Catalogues they point out what they consider essential to be authentic in order to facilitate cooperation:

“e-mail address, telephone numbers, chatting identities, information regarding geographical location (e.g. zip-codes) for eventual face-to-face meetings and progress plan information so that students can identify peers who are working with in the same study unit.”

But even for these elements the authors also call attention that this private information must be handled carefully and an authorization to make them public is always needed.

In my opinion, the choice of this article is very important for it cleared my mind regarding transparency in online teaching education. I found it also enriching to see how the two authors dealt with the question of authenticity, its impact in the course’s development and in teachers and students’ interactions during the studies.

Bowles, Michelle. 5 Twitter Tips for Staying Authentic and Transparent. 2009 (28th September) (7 Pages)

(Research done on the 3rd of May, taken from: http://www.toprankblog.com/2009/09/twitter-tips-authentic-transparent/)

In 5 Twitter Tips for Staying Authentic and Transparent, Michelle Bowles presents in a very straightforward way five tips on how to be authentic and transparent, which I will start to explain:

1. The first one deals with the placing of a photo and a name for this helps to establish connections with the ones that look at our work or that wish to interact with us, for in fact:

“Putting a face and a name behind your Tweets through a photo and brief bio can help followers relate to and connect with your brand.”

2. The second one is regarding personality and it is in favor of showing that in fact we are “real individuals” with feelings and humor for:

“It doesn’t have to be all business all the time. Have some fun with your Tweets by telling humorous stories or poking a little fun at yourself now and then.”

3. Regarding the third one it is important that you admit when you are wrong, not only because with mistakes we learn, but also because it is part of our nature and people make mistakes and they must also know how to cope with them.

4. On the fourth one, it deals with “Get to know your followers” it is important to be known but it is also important to know who you are dealing with, so this fourth tip is about asking questions simple questions about themselves, such as name, age, interests (nothing too personal).

5. The last one is “Don’t get carried away by your accomplishments” and the tip is that you should not let your success get to your head for it were your followers that gave it to you and that have largely contributed for it. So remember…be modest!

I found this text interesting, easy to read and with good tips regarding our present in Online Teaching Education and one of the sentences that exemplifies what is presented is “Be authentic and transparent in all you do.”

Hill, Christopher. Principles for improving Online Transparency. 2008 (1st April). (4 Pages)

(Research done on the 4th of May , taken from: http://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/distance-learning/principles-for-improving-online-transparency-quality/)

The reading of this article gives emphasis to the idea that a “well-informed student or prospective student – benefits everyone.” In addition, this article depicts the theory that everybody, universities and colleagues only have to gain with transparency and to defend this thought three principles are mentioned and explained for the institutions that seek and want transparency.

1. Make distance education a central element of your mission – if you are dealing in fact with distance learning make sure that you are ready for it and be prepared, so that your students may have access to all resources online in order to carry out a good quality program;

2. Accountability to stakeholders – deals with giving adequate information to students about the content of the course-study, who teaches it and who is present for future questions that any prospective students may have related to the course itself;

3. Responsiveness – means that an educational institution must be prepared to respond quickly to an online-student so that he may have feedback as soon as possible within 24 to 48 hours;

I feel this article points out several aspects that need to be taken into account when we are confronted with the problem of being and of creating transparency in online teaching. According to Michael Offerman, president of Capella University:

To meet the education needs of adult students, we must provide them with trustworthy and transparent ways to choose among many available options and to gauge the potential of each one to further their careers. The goal of the program is to lead universities and colleges toward greater accountability and transparency.”

Dalsgaard, Christian. Social Networking Sites: Transparency in Online Education. (11 pages)

(Research done on the 3rd of May, taken from: http://content.yutu.com/Library/A1mvrs/TransparencyinOnline/resources/32.htm)

An excellent approach on the pedagogical potentials of networking sites bearing in mind the fact that these sites are a combination of personalization and socialization regarding those that in a transparent way truly take part in them. According to this study when students take part in these networking sites and publish their thinking, aims, works and share it with others they are being transparent, that is they:

have insight into each other’s work, thoughts, and productions.”

Taking into account this idea student’s personal information becomes known to others through the process of sharing in a larger scale – a social network – and in this sense the notion of a social group with similar interests and relations emerges. Through this scenario we can observe the immense potential of these “social networking sites”, which the author reveals as:

“a supplement to other tools” for according to him “the potential of social networking lies within transparency and the ability to create awareness between students – potentially across institutions and nations.”

This challenging and amazing reading delves into the impact of social networking sites and the transparency that they involve when dealing with online teaching.

Paulsen, Morten Flate. Profiling Online Students. (2 Pages)

(Research done on the 4th of May, taken from: http://content.yutu.com/Library/A1mvrs/TransparencyinOnline/resources/43.htm)

This interesting article aims to the use of transparency in Online Teaching and describes one of the strategies used to develop this idea of transparency at NKI Distance Education and the impact they had in it.

In order to develop, promote transparency and future situations with it, a profile was created where students are given the choice to do their presentations and t publish them in an “open catalogue”, by clicking the “global visibility checkbox” in their profile. Later, when analyzed the impact of this measure, the following conclusions were achieved:

1. “… most presentations act as favorable homepages that focus on the students’ achievements.”

2. “The users are excellent ambassadors for NKI when they share their presentation with others. They provide a lot of relevant information for prospective students and key words for the search engines.”

3. “…the fact that so many serious, hard-working and successful students are willing to share achievements and experiences in an open, online catalogue is valuable for the field of online education.”

In my opinion this was truly an amazing finding to promote transparency among online teaching.

Siemens, George. Teaching as Transparent Learning. (4 Pages)

(Research done on the 3rd of May, taken from: http://content.yutu.com/Library/A1mvrs/TransparencyinOnline/resources/55.htm)

“I’ve gained much from being a transparent learner.”

George Siemens, the author, describes his path, experiences and progress as a transparent learner. According to him transparency is an important and significant requisite in online teaching for “when we make our learning transparent, we become teachers” and “watching others learn is an act of learning” for as he clearly point out:

“When someone decides to share their thoughts and ideas in a transparent manner, they become a teacher to those who are observing. Social technology - such as Twitter, blogs, Facebook – opens the door to sharing the process of learning, not only the final product.”

I found this reading encouraging and appealing for it deals with the experience of a “transparent learner” and his personal sharing of it.

Paulsen, Morten Flate. Transparency for Quality. Toonlet.
Transparency for Quality

by MortenFP related [www.seminar.net]

(Research done on the 4th of May, taken from: http://toonlet.com/creator/MortenFP)

This comic strip is a very clear and presents a very objective approach on the importance that transparency has in order to improve the quality of online teaching for if others see what we publish, incorrect information becomes easily detected, feedback on it is given and errors are corrected. Clear, concise and stick to the point!

Paulsen, Morten Flate. Transparency for Cooperation. Toonlet.

Transparency for Cooperation
by MortenFP related [www.seminar.net]

(Research done on the 4th of May, taken from: http://toonlet.com/archive?i=11245)

This comic strip deals with matters related to the cooperation that the use of transparency promotes in online teaching. When students give personal and transparent information about themselves other students interact more and a sense of cooperation is established between them. Nevertheless, an essential point is also presented - students’ transparency is to be handled carefully regarding their privacy and in this way students themselves should be the ones to choose the level of transparency to be allowed.

Welcome to my PLE! - A Personal Tour by a 7th Grade Science Student.
(Youtube Presentation)

(Research done on the 4th of May, taken from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YEls3tq5wIY)

I choose this Youtube Presentation because I found it a good example of transparency. Although it was created by a young student, matters such as organization and transparency are very clear and were carefully dealt and are now presented in a very objective way. This “PLE” – Personal Learning Environment - is the culminate of a research and intense work on networking sites, for as the student clearly points out he “spent some time since the beginning of the school year learning how to find information online and how to pull it out together on a personal page”, which we can observe thanks to its publication.


Final considerations...

Bearing in mind my readings, I conclude that in attended classes cooperative learning provides for students’ interaction in heterogeneous groups for it is built with the purpose of offering a leaning support for the elements of the group. In online education, cooperative learning provides the encouragement of individual flexibility and the affinity of learning within an educational community (Prof. Morten Flate Paulsen, 2003).

Although these two perspectives may seem difficult to combine, for they lead us to a controversy, the truth is that cooperative learning in online learning environments emerges as the solution for it emphasizes the co-existence of students that enjoy individual work and its benefits and outcomes, and the others that prefer the benefits of collaborative learning, or a so called, a learning community.

“Future adult students will seek individual flexibility and freedom. At the same time, many need or prefer group collaboration and social unity. These aims are difficult to combine, but online education, when integrated with other media, can be the means of joining individual freedom and collective unity into a truly flexible, cooperative distance educational programs.”

(Prof. Morten Flate Paulsen, in Cooperative Freedom: an Online Theory Education, 2003)

The contribute of these readings is enormous because thanks to them I was able to perceive the importance and the significance that Transparency plays in Cooperative Learning…which is massive! All the resources played an essential role in achieving my understanding of it and they took a fundamental part in it.

Therefore, now that my opinion is truly formed, I am happy and proudly I say:

I have gained, I am gaining and I hope to continue to gain much from being a transparent learner!*

(*This last sentence was readapted from “I’ve gained much from being a transparent learner.” by George Siemens in Teaching as Transparent Learning.)

quarta-feira, 16 de junho de 2010

Comunicação Educacional - Aulas no Second Life


Congresso no Second Life - II. Parte - dia 15 de Junho de 2010


Olá, hoje é a nossa apresentação…seremos o último grupo…torço para que corra tudo bem tanto a nós como ao 4º grupo!!! Coragem…está quase na recta final…

4º Grupo – Grupo GARRISON

4 - congresso 1_001

Tema: Pesquisando sobre o Modelo Comunidade de Inquirição: Revisão, Questões e Perspectivas futuras."

O texto que este grupo trabalhou abordava pesquisas recentes sobre o modelo COI, em especial tendo em mente a “Presença Social”, Cognitiva e, como não podia deixar de ser, a questão do ensino.

4 - congresso3_001

4 - congresso5_001

Devo dizer que este grupo defendeu o seu trabalho de modo excelente e a sua apresentação foi também muito boa – portanto, meus caros, tarefa superada!!!

Seguiram-se os habituais comentários positivos, aplausos, a opinião e a já tradicional questão do professor.

E eis que agora somos nós…

5º Grupo – Grupo KEHRWALD

5 - congresso1_001

Tema: “Comprendendo a Presença Social em Ambientes Virtuais de Aprendizagem Baseados em Texto.”

O nosso trabalho analisou as questões em torno da noção de “Presença Social”, nomeadamente a sua definição, a sua natureza, papel e função, sem esquecer o modo com esta é sustentada e estabelecida em ambientes de aprendizagem online. Igualmente pertinente e objecto de estudo foi uma perspectiva de “presença social” ilustrada na acção humana em contextos online.

5 - congresso2_001

5 - congresso4_001

Acho que apresentamos bem o nosso trabalho e que o autor do nosso texto teria orgulho em nós! (Pelo menos é o que espero!) Apesar das dificuldades técnicas que nós surgiram nesta etapa…penso estarmos todos de parabéns!!!

Também connosco se seguiram os comentários positivos, os aplausos e como não podia deixar de ser a questão do professor.


Adorei a participação neste congresso e devo dizer que me senti tão nervosa com se fosse uma apresentação presencial e preparei-me do mesmo modo também! Sinto que todos nós ao trabalharmos os nossos textos respectivamente "demos" um pouco de nós e esse complemento enriqueceu-nos e amadureceu-nos, na medida em que eles, se é que o posso dizer, se tornaram um pouco "nossos"!

Foi um momento vivido com nervos e com uma intensidade muito grande…desde já os meus agradecimentos à Mysa, ao professor e a todos os colegas por serem uma parte integrante desta experiência fantástica e alucinante!!!

Muito obrigada… ;-)

Comunicação Educacional - Aulas no Second Life


Congresso no Second Life - I. Parte - dia 14 de Junho de 2010

Nesta primeira parte do congresso três equipas fizeram as suas apresentações, que passo a descrever muito resumidamente e a ilustrar com as fotos que tirei dos momentos mais significativos…

1º Grupo – Grupo RIVA

1 apresentação (2)_001

Tema: “Comunicação Multimédia e Presença Social. As Camadas de Presença: Uma Abordagem Bio-Cultural para Compreender a Presença em Ambientes Naturais Mediatizados.”

O tema trabalhado por este grupo era relativo às dimensões de “Presença Social” mas tendo em conta uma noção de presença tendo em conta uma perspectiva externa e enquadrando-a numa vertente essencialmente psicológica, e consequentemente filosófica.

1 apresentação_001

1 apresentação (3)_001

Após a apresentação seguiram-se muitos aplausos, palavras de apreciação muito positiva e o nosso professor Ongberg Bluebird teceu os seus comentários e colocou uma questão.

Muito bem Grupo RIVA – tarefa superada!

2º Grupo – Grupo IJSSEL
2 apresentação (1)_001

Tema: “Estar Lá: A Experiência da Presença em Ambiente Mediados.”

2 apresentação (2)_001

Este grupo, tendo em conta o texto trabalhado, “reavaliou” e repensou o sentido de “Presença Social” tendo em conta a questão dos avanços da tecnologia e a suas implicações em situações de ambientes mediados.

3 apresentação (4 - grupo)_001

Também a este grupo se seguiram comentários, muitos aplausos e considerações por parte do nosso professor e houve igualmente espaço para uma questão.

Os meus sinceros parabéns pelo trabalho desenvolvido e apresentado!!!

3º Grupo – Grupo KREJINS

3 apresentação (1)_001

Tema: “Determinar Sociabilidade, Espaço Social e presença Social em Grupos Colaborativos (A)Síncronos.”

A temática abordada por este grupo centra-se na importância das interacções sociais tendo em vista a aprendizagem em contextos e ambientes CSCL.

3 apresentação (3)_001

3 apresentação (4 - conclusão)_001

Esta foi a última apresentação da noite e podemos dizer que terminou com chave de ouro pois os colegas saíram-se muito bem! Houve comentários positivos e aplausos…

O nosso professor teceu algumas considerações e colocou a já esperada questão.


Relativamente a esta primeira fase do congresso devo dizer que está a ser uma experiência fantástica e única. Sinto que me tenho vindo a preparar diariamente para um momento singular e que é já amanhã pois somos o 5º Grupo… só espero estar à altura deste e que corra tudo bem para todos nós. Acredito que temos vindo a desenvolver laços uns com os outros de certo modo mais puros do que se estivéssemos em aulas presenciais. A cada dia que passa sinto-me mais rica com esta experiência…adoro cada momento! Obrigada por tudo…

Comunicação Educacional - Aulas no Second Life

Relato de experiências de uma aluna no Second life...
9ª Aula - 8 de Junho de 2010

Olá a todos,

Esta última aula foi particularmente difícil para mim…pelo que passo a descrevê-la…

Hoje andámos às voltas com o SLOODLE presenter e a sua utilização.

9 - 2_001

O SLOODLE presenter é uma peça fundamental para as nossas apresentações pois é nele que o nosso trabalho vai ser projectado, além de permitir também visualizar apresentações e páginas de internet.

9 -10 - indicações p ver as imagens_001

Uma vez tido o primeiro contacto teórico, foram-nos dadas indicações para experimentar esta ferramenta única do SL, alertando-nos no inicio da necessidade de configurar este equipamento a fim de o preparar para o propósito que pretendemos. E, face a esta questão, e para a exemplificar, a Mysa criou diapositivos - que desde já quero dizer que estavam absolutamente espectaculares – relativos ao nosso percurso como estudantes no SL que foram depois projectados neste ecrãn.

9 - important_001

No entanto, eis que as coisas se complicaram…pois vieram as dificuldades e infelizmente alguns de nós, incluindo eu, não os conseguíamos visualizar! Porém graças à rápida ajuda da Mysa esta barreira foi sendo ultrapassada…contudo, eu fiquei para o fim! E, verdade seja dita passei, talvez a experiência mais educativa e elucidativa no SL, pois tive a oportunidade de estar com a Mysa e juntas tentámos resolver a questão para superar o problema…
Desde já o meu muito obrigado à Mysa…considero-a uma pessoa muito profissional, perseverante, optimista e enfim…não me deixou desistir enquanto eu não consegui ver os diapositivos por ela tão primorosamente criados. E, quando consegui visualizar o primeiro, já tínhamos a colega Anemolif connosco e em grupo demos saltos de contentes… só tenho pena de não ter tirado uma foto para registo desse momento de glória singular.

9 - aleluia_001

E, perante está vitória muito desejada quero novamente agradecer à Mysa…

Muito obrigada Mysa por todas as experiências e momentos únicos aqui vividos!

A passos largos chegam as datas do congresso que começa no dia 14 de Junho e é aqui nesta árdua tarefa que os nossos esforços se concentram! Boa sorte a todos!!!

segunda-feira, 7 de junho de 2010

Comunicação Educacional - Aulas no Second Life

Relato de experiências de uma aluna no Second Life...

8ª Aula - 1 de Junho de 2010

Nesta aula começamos a tratar de texturas, uma componente essencial para a nossa apresentação no congresso.

Sobre texturas no SL :

8º aula 1-06_001

As texturas aplicam-se ao powerpoint e, neste sentido, o powerpoint é um suporte para as nossas apresentações. Assim, devemos ter em mente o seguinte:

· No powerpoint inicial não devemos de incluir nem sons, nem animações e, quando este estiver concluído e pronto a ser convertido em imagens slide a slide, deve estar numerado de modo a facilitar a sua inserção no presenter e a fim de evitarmos enganos na sua sequência;
· As imagens de diapositivos devem ser gravadas em “png.”;
· Não deve ser usada a gravação em imagens do powerpoint porque desse modo esta fica muito pesada e perde qualidade;
· É recomendável o uso da captação de imagem através do “printscreen” captado no powerpoint.

Nesta aula a foi-nos dada muita informação e fomos alertados para a proximidade das datas do congresso e para a urgência de nos prepararmos para este acontecimento. A Mysa, que nos acompanha sempre, mostrou que se encontra ao nosso dispôr para esclarecimento de dúvidas.

Achei esta aula bastante teórica…a vertente prática surgirá quando começarmos a preparar a nossa apresentação. Aguardo ansiosa os próximos dias em que colocaremos à prova o que temos vindo a aprender…

~~~~~~~~~~ }}}}} {{{{{ ~~~~~~~~~~

Depois de toda esta teoria, a Mysa levou-nos a um lugar mágico e único (onde tenho passado algum tempo... só que este visualmente era bem melhor)! Existe lugar melhor para uma aquariana do que o fundo do mar?! Ora vejam e deslumbrem-se com esta maravilha! Absolutamente extraordinário...

8º aula 1-06 4_001

8º aula 1-06 6_001

Até ao nosso próximo encontro...

Comunicação Educacional - Aulas no Second Life

Relato de experiências de uma aluna no Second Life...
7ª Aula - 28 de Maio de 2010

Boa noite a todos! Nesta aula tivemos desde o sol, às nuvens passando pela chuva e pela neve…deslumbrante! E aprendemos a tratar da questão das texturas…muito importante para o nosso congresso!

aula 7 - 1_001

Para começar convém-me esclarecer que a questão das texturas se relaciona com as “snapshots”, ou seja, as fotografias … e, nesta aula, foi este o tema abordado.
Como já puderam verificar, em cada aula tenho-me servido das “snapshots” para ilustrar cada momento académico virtual e considero-as muito úteis pois ajudam-me a “activar” a minha memória de estudante virtual.

Existem duas formas de fazer “snapshots” (e estas foram descobertas, ainda no nosso módulo de aprendizagem):

1 – Botão snapshot que existe na barra inferior da janela do SL;
2 – Através de menu>file>take snapshot.

E eis a nossa foto memorável...

aula 7 - 8(bolas)_001

Como se recordam comecei por dizer que nesta aula tivemos um pouco de tudo desde sol, nuvens, chuva e até neve e para tal explorámos as configurações do ambiente. Eis o relato!

aula 7 - 4(editor)_001

No menu existe uma modalidade que nos permite alterar as fases do dia, desde a manhã, à tarde e à noite...

Através de desta modalidade podemos alterar as configurações da atmosfera, tendo assim acesso ao sol, às nuvens, à chuva, à neve…enfim a um mundo de possibilidades atmosféricas com que a Mysa nos deslumbrou e fascinou!

aula 7 - 3_001

Nestes ambiente virtuais, digam-me quem é que já teve a oportunidade de ter uma aula à chuva ou à neve?! E o melhor de tudo é que a nossa aula teve lugar à beira mar! Absolutamente único e inesquecível! Imaginem só se isto fosse possível na vida real…

...e eis os bravos que resistiram nesta versão moderna e virtual de "serenata à chuva"...

aula 7 - 9serenata à chuva_001

Adorei cada momento e senti-me uma verdadeira "expert" meteorológica! ;-)

Comunicação Educacional - Aulas no Second Life

Relato de experiências como aluna no Second Life...
@ 6ª Aula - 25 de Maio de 2010 @

Aula 6 - 1

Olá mais uma vez! Cá estamos para mais uma aula virtual e desta vez foram abordados os procedimentos a ter em conta na nossa apresentação no congresso.

Apesar de as datas do congresso ainda não terem ficado determinadas, fomos esclarecidos que as apresentações decorreriam em dois dias. No primeiro, apresentariam três grupos e no segundo apresentariam os dois grupos que faltam.

Cada apresentação terá lugar no auditório do SL, e será de mais ou menos 20 minutos e é seguida de um debate no sloodle, havendo portanto duas componentes – a síncrona e a assíncrona. Cada presentação terá características semelhantes a uma comunicação na vida real e a preparação da comunicação será desenvolvida recorrendo ao áudio ou ao texto.

Com este congresso pretende-se que cada grupo elabore uma apresentação sobre o texto que trabalhou, dando deste modo a conhecer o autor e a temática abordada.

Cada a presentação terá uma apresentação em powerpoint sem som nem movimentos que será adaptado a imagens … esta questão será desenvolvida na aula das texturas.

Quando o nosso powerpoint estiver pronto este deve ser convertido em imagens, diapositivo a diapositivo e numerados para que a sua inserção no presenter seja facilitada e a ordem fique correcta, ficando desde a indicação que quando fizermos o powerpoint este deve ser salvo enquanto ficheiro TGA ou PNG.

Por fim, fomos informados de que teríamos à nossa disposição o auditório no SL, o presenter, um servidor para colocarmos as imagens das apresentações, e como não podia deixar de ser a ajuda da própria Mysa que é sempre muito bem-vinda.

Resta-nos agora preparar a nossa apresentação e fazer “boa figura”! ;-)

Boa sorte e bom trabalho a todos!

Comunicação Educacional - Aulas no Second Life

Relato de experiências como aluna no Second Life...
5ª Aula - 24 de Maio de 2010
aula 4 - 1

Esta aula teve lugar no auditório da academia e explorámos o “menu” e “preferences”…aprendemos a utilizar os controlos da câmara e o zoom e, no final inserimos uma imagem no nosso perfil individual (curioso é que esta parte eu já tinha realizado com o nosso módulo de ambientação inicial).

E, começamos com "generalidades (!)"

1. Trilhámos este caminho para configurar algumas opções essenciais.
2. "Start Location": foi muito interessante descobrir que aqui podemos escolher a localização em que desejamos que o programa se inicie quando fazemos o “login”. Normalmente escolhemos a nossa casa ou o último local onde estivemos…a decisão é nossa. (E o que eu escolhi foi a nossa querida Academia! Pois ultimamente tenho visto o fundo do mar demasiadas vezes!)
3. “Show names”: permite que possamos ver os nomes dos avatares com quem estamos.

aula 4 - 1

Na opção relativa ao "voice chat" aprendi que as opções de onde pretendemos ouvir a voz depende do que estamos a fazer no momento. Assim, quando estamos com outros avatares devemos seleccionar “Hear voice chat from avatar position”, se andarmos a passar a câmara devemos optar por “Hear voice chat from camera position”. 2. Com estas alterações, tive alguma dificuldade em ouvir os outros e em fazer-me ouvir, mas, enfim, nada que o hábito não venha resolver. (Espero! ;-])

aula 4 - 3

De seguida, relativamente à modalidade de "communication" exploramos as várias opções disponíveis e a respectiva gravação da janela de conversa e foi salientado que temos de desmarcar para parar de gravar.

Após estas configurações essenciais e respectivas explorações fomos testar os controlos de câmara, mais propriamente as duas “rosas de vento” em azul que aparecem no ecrã e que no meio há uma tabela que oscila entre o mais e o menos.

aula 5 - 2

Feito todo este trabalho, foi-nos explicada a noção de perfil individual e o que é. E eis que passo a explicar o que aprendi…

Perfil individual – O perfil individual é no SL o que dá a conhecer cada um de nós a toda a comunidade in-world, pois contém informações pessoais sobre cada um de nós. Para abrir o perfil dos nossos colegas é só usar o botão dto do rato sobre o avatar que se pretende abrir.

Na minha opinião esta aula foi das mais importantes e sinto que aprendi imenso!
Está a ser uma experiência muito enriquecedora e agradeço à Mysa pela sua paciência e boa vontade e aos colegas por estarem presentes e serem uma parte activa de toda esta aprendizagem!

Obrigada a todos!